Country Briefs: Offering its timeless attractions the beautiful country Georgia is located in southwestern region of Asia. Georgia borders the black sea and lies between Turkey and Russia.
Covering an area of 69,700 square kilometers, Georgia is ranked 118th in the world. The total population of Georgia is around four million people out of which nearly one million are residing in the capital city of Georgia, Tbilisi.
Besides beauty, tradition and culture, Georgia has a rich history too. According to historians, the Arabs conquered Georgia first in the 7th century. In the years that followed many other kingdoms were united into the Georgian kingdom. Around 12th century Georgia ruled over parts of southern Caucasus, northeastern parts and turkey.
In 13th century Mongols came to rule over Georgia. But the Georgian Kingdom got divided into pieces due to various revolts for liberation the Mongol rule. In 16th century, the Persian and the Ottoman Empire in particular dominated the eastern and western parts of Georgia.
In the years that followed Georgia witnessed many uprisings for liberation from Turkish rule. In 1783 Russia and the eastern kingdom of Kartl-Kakheti signed the Treaty of Georgievsk according to which Russia gave complete protection to Kartl-Kakheti. But despite of Russian protection Tbilisi was conquered by the Persians in 1795.
In 1805 the Persian army was defeated and Tblisi was saved by the Russian troops.
On 26th may 1918, soon after the Russian revolution and in the course of the Russian civil war Georgia was declared independent. Noe Zhordania was crowned the prime minister of Georgia.
However Georgia could not enjoy independence for a long time as after 3 years, in February 1920 the Red Army attacked Georgia. The Red Army also entered Tbilisi and installed a government there. Soon Georgia was put under the Tanscaucasian Federative Soviet Socialist Republic that brought together Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan.
Gradually the TFSSR disintegrated and in 1936 Georgia became Georgian SSR.
In Second World War numerous Georgians had to fight in favor of the Red Army against the Nazis. In 1957 the Georgian SSR was granted some of its territories.
Georgia was again declared independent on 9th April 1991 and Zviad Gamsakhurdia was the elected Prime Minister. Georgia confronted a civil war soon. This war ended in 1995.
In 1995 Shevardnadze was made the president of the country. But simultaneously two Georgian regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia got involved into conflicts.
In 2003 the president got deposed in a bloodless coup, the Rose Revolution. This revolution was led by some of the previous political leaders of the country. After the Rose Revolution there were countless reforms in the country such as strengthening the military base etc.
At present Georgia is a completely developed country though still there are some political turmoil. However Georgia has managed to achieve remarkable success and glory in every field.
- Region: Abkhazia and Ajaria have the status of autonomous republic; Tbilisi is a city.
- HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
- ISO: Region codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global context, prefix "GE-" to the code (ex: GE-TB represents Tbilisi.
- FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
- Population and area: Data provided by Karem Abdalla.