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How To Treat Sun Spots?

By Marilynn Syrett Published 04/7/2009 | Beauty

Sun spots are the small round unsightly  marks that appear on your skin as a result of prolonged unprotected  exposure to sunlight. Also called age spots and liver spots, they  generally appear on your face, shoulders, back and hands.  Fortunately, there are treatments available that help to diminish and  eliminate the appearance of sun spots.
    What are Sun  Spots
  Sun spots are small pigmented marks that appear on the  skin as a result of long-term sun exposure. It is very common in  adults but can also appear on younger skin because of unprotected sun  exposure and premature aging. It is particularly common with people  who tend to spend large amounts of time outdoors in the sunlight.  Whether you like to lounge around the pool, play a lot of outdoor  sports or even drive in the sun, you are susceptible to develop sun  spots with time.
  Occurrence of Sun Spots
  When your  skin is exposed to sunlight, it defends itself by generating more  melanocytes that subsequently produce melanin (a substance  responsible for the color of the skin). Too much of melanin causes  sun spots to appear on the face, neck, shoulders and back.
  Sun  Spots Treatment: Hydroquinone
  Hydroquinone is powerful skin  lightening ingredient that helps to treat and eliminate the  appearance of sun spots. It restricts the functioning of the enzyme  tyrosinase that is responsible for the synthesis of melanin. There  are several skin care products available in the market that contain  various concentrations of Hydroquinone that help to correct many skin  conditions.
  Hydroquinone based skin care products are a better  and cheaper alternative than complex skin treatments like lasers and  chemical peels. Even the side effects are minimal like mild itching  and temporary skin redness.
  Some Product Suggestions:
  Obagi C-Sunguard SPF 30 It  is a very powerful sun protecting product that combines the  advantages of both prescription strength Hydroquinone and potent  Vitamin C. It delays the appearance of aging signs like wrinkles and  fine lines and protects the skin from ultraviolet radiation of  sunlight. With regular application, it improves the skin tone and  protects it inherently against any sun damage.
    Obagi  Nu-derm Clear It is a superb skin bleaching and corrector  cream that contains 4 % Hydroquinone and helps improve uneven skin  tone and reduce sun spots.
      Obagi C-Clarifying Serum   It is a powerful clarifying serum that combines 4% hydroquinone and  Vitamin C serum ( L-ascorbic acid). Vitamin C penetrates through the  dermis layer of the skin and reduces melanosome activity and also  evens out the skin tone. Hydroquinone helps to eliminate the  appearance of sun spots. The serum also provides potent antioxidant  therapy.
      Tips to Use Hydroquinone Based Skin Care  Products
  Avoid using any other medicated topical treatments  especially those which contain peroxide while using skin care  products containing Hydroquinone.
  After applying skin  lighteners containing Hydroquinone, wait for several minutes before  you apply any make-up, cosmetics moisturizer or  sunscreen.
  Hydroquinone is very unstable. Hence it gets  oxidized when exposed to air or sunlight. Therefore, make sure you  store the products in a cool dark place away from sunlight.
  While  using Hydroquinone based skin care products, try to avoid excessive  sun exposure. Always wear a sunscreen, always!
  Sun Spots  Treatment: Kojic Acid
  Apart from Hydroquinone, there are other  skin lightening creams and products that contain a variety of  ingredients like Kojic Acid. Kojic acid is derived from fungus  Aspergillus oryzae
  Just like Hydroquinone, Kojic acid also  inhibits the melanin production within the skin surface and fades  away sun spots and dark pigments.
  Some Product  Suggestions:
  iS Clinical Active Serum It is a  powerful serum that heals the skin and corrects any undue skin  condition. It prevents premature aging and repairs damaged skin by  scraping off dead skin cells and boosting collagen production within.  The serum contains 0.5% Kojic Acid that diminishes the appearance of  sun spots and makes the skin smooth and toned.
iS Clinical  Pro-Heal Serum The serum heals the skin and lightens the skin  texture. Apart from this, it improves skin integrity and prevents  damage by the ultraviolet radiations of sunlight. It contains 0.5% of  Kojic acid that eliminates sun posts, evens out skin pigmentation and  prevents the occurrence of acne.

Dr. Marilynn Syrett is a graduate from Western University of Health Sciences, College of Osteopathic Medicine Of The Pacific. She has authored several articles about skin care products like Anti-aging skin care products, Sun Tanning & Sunscreens and so on.