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The Four Main Philosophies of Feminist Trends

By Brown Ezilon.com Articles Published 11/3/2011 | Feminism & Equal Rights

These include goals that embrace racial, social, cultural and liberal issues. The other important objective is that women focus on the radical feminist trend, which is that of a need to change the relationships between gender and social institutions.

There is a need to increase womens self awareness as far as their sexuality and desires are concerned as well as her views for having children. Those feminists, who are concerned with cultural issues, stress the importance of recognizing that women are being devalued in our society and that this is detrimental to all of us.

Finally, liberal feminists focus on the individual and the biases these people face, as far as self-respect, esteem, self awareness, and equality are concerned. Most of these views and ideas overlap and are integrated with the main focus on equality.

The movement of feminist therapy involves four major approaches, which include social and gender role analysis, consciousness-raising, social activism and reintegration in a social sphere. The problem of consciousness-raising is often organized in small groups, without any leading figure. The discussion group covers the discussion of how each woman has lived her experience and shares these with the others in the group.

The point of this group is not to make women feel they are alone and that others are there to support them. The group examines how socialization and oppression can evolve into personal distress and malfunctioning.

Another subject matter is the gender and social role, which involves assessing a womans psychological distress and how she can cope with it. It is initially important to understand the cultural and social expectations and the way they affect our society. By doing this, the individual will be able to identify his or her experiences as far as gender and social roles are concerned.

Therapy helps individuals become aware of both implicit and explicit sex roles that they may have experienced over their lifetime. This helps the many find the origins of psychological distress. Together the therapist one can find easy to implement changes and attain self knowledge.

Once the gender and social analysis has been completed the next step will be reorganizing the persons belief system. This means they have to learn how to look at issues under a different perspective and thus develop new strategies to cope with these. Some of the methods taught, are self-esteem, self views and assertiveness.

Another issue that is slightly controversial therefore not put into practice by therapists is social activism. This follows the theory that personal is equivalent to politics, which is at the basis of feminist therapy. Many problems come from the persons social and political environment, and it is important the patients become aware of this, and participate actively with their therapist.

Active accomplishment involves, letter writing campaigns, organized protests and speaking out about issues, as feminist are adamant that social change is fundamental if one wishes to preserve his or her mental integrity and health.