Description: The Physical Map of El Salvador showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, ocean, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features.
El Salvador is a small country based in Central America. The country shares a coastline with the North Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest. It is the smallest Central American country and also the only one not to have a coastline with the Caribbean Sea. The geographic points read as follows: 13.50 degrees north latitude and 88.55 degrees west longitude. The country sits on one of the most active tectonic plates on earth and frequented by many earthquakes and volcanoes.
The country's total area measures in at 23,040 square kilometers of which 22,720 square kilometers in land and 320 square kilometers is water. The country is bisected towards the west by two major mountain ranges which are parallel to each other. The northern range is known as the Sierra Madre Range and the southern is a group of more than 20 volcanic peaks. In between is a central plateau beside which are the plains towards the Pacific.
Rio Lempa is the longest and most important river in the country and also a part of the 300 rivers running in the nation. The highest peak is known as Cerro El Pital, measuring in at 2730 meters above sea level, whereas the lowest point rests at the mean sea level on the Pacific Ocean.
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