Description: The Physical Map of Mexico showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, ocean, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features.
Mexico is officially called the United Mexican States and it is country present in the continent of North America. It lies between the United States of America and the Pacific Ocean.
The Caribbean Sea borders the country on the
southeast side while the Gulf of Mexico sits to the
eastern end. The country covers up 2 million square
kilometres and is the fifth largest country in the
Americas. The 14 and 33 degree north latitudes, along
with the 86 and 119 degrees west longitudes encompass
Two mountain ranges run from the top of the country, all the way to the bottom and are called the Sierra Madre Occidental and the Sierra Madre Oriental ranges. These are an extension of the Rockies prevalent in the USA. Dividing the country from east to west is the Sierra Nevada range which lies in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt.
Pico de Orizaba is the highest peak in the country, closely followed by Popocatepeti and Iztaccihuati. The country also has many river which either drain into the Gulf of Mexico or Pacific Ocean.
The Rio Grande is one of the most important rivers flowing into the gulf and Tijuana is another which drains into the Pacific Ocean.
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