Canada, being the second in size only to Russia, is one of the richest countries in terms of natural resources. The greatly varied landscape from one end of the country to another consists of forests, mountains, rivers, lakes, cliffs and lagoons. In addition to being a nature lover's paradise, it is also home to some of the greatest fishing destinations of the world.
So where would you fish in Canada? Depends on your style of fishing and your target species. For instance, if you're fishing in the appropriate season and looking for salmon (the most popular gamefish in Canada), you should probably start your quest in Yukon, the best salmon province in the country.
Fishing is something of a passion and a religion for natives of Yukon. Eleven different species of gamefish are available for your delectation in the freshwater reserves of this province, and in addition to that four separate varieties of salmon (coho, sockeye, chinook and chum) enter its rivers every year for spawning. There is even an unusual variety that lives completely in land-locked lakes. It is truly a dreamland for salmon lovers!
On the other hand if you're looking for tuna, shark, barracuda or any of the other large marine species, you're going to get ample scope for that too in Canada. The country has three separate coastlines to the east, west and north, and each of them offer unique opportunities for fishing. You can ride a hired boat into the sea for deep-sea fishing in any of the coastal states Ontario or Quebec, for example, both of which border the Hudson Bay which is actually a part of the Arctic Ocean.
Those two provinces, however, are actually more famous for their fantastic sweetwater lakes. In Ontario alone there are an incredible number of lakes more than 200,000! And more to the point, all of these are filled to the brim with eager and aggressive fish ready to rise to your bait! Canada is a sparsely populated country, and the population is strung out across the vast land at a very low density. As a result, many of its inland water bodies are effectively virgin, having never known the angler's hook. The country is practically waiting for you to go and cast your line!
Every part of Canada offers something to the enthusiastic angler. Even the two provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan, which look land-locked on the map, are among the finest fly-fishing destinations in the world! Fishing for trout in the Bow river of Alberta is an experience that is unparalleled on the North American continent. The fishing camps of Saskatchewan, more than two hundred in number, are great places for pike and walleye. Even apart from the famous resorts like Selwyn Lake, Oliver Lake and Angler Rapids, there are many fine fishing destinations so undisturbed and unspoilt that they can be reached only by boat or float plane.
If you're a lover of remote places where you can practice the sport in seclusion, you won't find another place like the newly created province of Nunavut, to the extreme north. But beware if you're targeting an area other than the only three official lodges that have been set up yet, you may need to fly in all that you need. Some spots in this section of the country are so remote that even the local Inuit population doesn't venture there.
A word about language and culture. Some parts of Canada, specially Quebec province and the adjacent regions, are French-speaking. So if you're planning to do your fishing in those parts, it would be a fine idea to pick up a smattering of that language so that you can at least negotiate the basics with the native population.