Description: The Physical Map of Guatemala showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, ocean, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features.
Guatemala is a small country located in Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean to the South and Southwest. The country lies between 15.30 north latitude and 90.15 west longitudes. It covers a total area of 108,890 square kilometers of which 950 square kilometers is water and the rest is all land.
The country shares a coastline of 400 kilometers. The highest peak in the country is known as Tajumulco Volcano and it is 4,220 meters above sea level whereas the lowest point is on the North Pacific Ocean at mean sea level. The Motagua River is the longest in the country and Lake Izabal is the largest by means of surface area with an area of 589.6 square kilometers.
Most of the country is mountainous with a few plains here and there. The two mountain ranges cutting across the country are the Sierra Madre and Cuchumatanes Ranges. Between the mountains is the river valley of the Motagua River. The varying climate is hot and humid at the coastal region, ice cold near the Cuchumatanes and temperate near the highlands.
Most river a shallow and short near the Pacific as most of the long and deep rivers flow more towards the north and central areas. Polochic, Rio Dulce and Satsun are some of the most important rivers.
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