Isle of Man

ABOUT Isle of Man

Country Briefs: Isle of Man is a place with outstanding beauty, history and culture. It lies in the Irish Sea between the United Kingdom and Ireland. It is basically a constitutional monarchy that is not actually a part of the United Kingdom but its Crown dependency.

Isle of Man is nearly 221 square miles in area. It is 32 miles long and between 8 and 15 miles in the breadth. The capital of isles of man is Douglas. It is the largest town of this region and is the Island's hub for business, finance, shipping, transport, shopping and entertainment. Douglas is also a home for the government of isles of man.

According to some people the Isle of Man derived its name from Mannanan, the Celtic Neptune while the others believe that the reverse of this is the truth.

Pondering over the history of isles of man we find that till 5th century the island was an abode of a necromancer with the holy name of Mannanan-Beg-Mac-y-Leir who used to keep strangers away from the island by veiling it with mist. It is also said that he was a wonderful magician.

Around 5th-6th centuries, missionaries came to Isles and started spreading the message of Christianity, thereby Christianize people. According to some historians Saint Patrick had come to the island, established the Bisphoric and cleared the island of venomous reptiles and toads, a task he had to do for the sister Isles.

The Celts occupied the region till first half of 9th century. The Celts were followed by the Norsemen who first plundered wealth from the island and then settled there. The Norsemen made isles an important base in connection with their settlements in Dublin, North West England and the Western Isles.

The isles became a Viking outpost or kingdom from circa AD 700 to AD 900. Godred Crovan created the Norse Kingdom of Mann and the Isles in 1079. He ruled there from 1079 to 1095.

The descendants of godred ruled in Man and the western isles till 1252. After this the younger son of King Olaf II came to the throne. In 1263 king Alexander III of Scotland thought of making Western Isles a part of his kingdom and so they attacked the Hebrides.

The Norwegians were defeated in the battle of Largs and Magnus was granted to keep Mann only under the condition of paying homage to king Alexander. As soon as Magnus died in 1265, a treaty was signed between Norway and Scotland, which handed the Isle of Man over to the Scots. This treaty was known as the treaty of Perth.

Thus the Treaty of Perth in 1266 marked the end of conflict between Norway and Magnus the Law-mender and Scotland under Alexander III over the sovereignty of the Western Isles, the Isle of Man and Caithness, the Norway King Magnus VI ceded isles to Scotland.

In 1313 king of Scotland, Robert the Bruce, landed at Ramsey and seized Castle Rushen.

But in the 14th century, the English came to rule over the Isle of Man and it transferred to the British crown in 1765.

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