ABOUT Croatia

Country Briefs: The Croatian beauty is famous across the globe. But not many people know that there are many other reasons that glorify the country.

Geographically speaking Croatia lies in the southeastern portion of Europe, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia and bordering the Ardiatic Sea.

Croatia covers an area of more than fifty-six thousand square kilometers on the globe and its population is above four million.

The largest city Zagreb is also the capital of this country. Zagreb has an ideal geographic location and is a wonderful tourist destination.

In 9th and 10th century the Bulgarians had fought over Balkan states with Byzantines. But Bulgarians were badly defeated by the Rus? in 969 and completely came under the domination of a Byzantine in Basil in 1018.

Croatia has a rich historical background. The Slavic people had come to inhabit the region first. Initially they resided in the place known as Galicia today and from there they moved to the Croatia.

The Croatians were nominally under the East Roman Empire and then under the Frankish authority.

In 925 Croatia came to be ruled by king Tomislav. Tomislav turned the country into a strong and independent kingdom. But this could not last long. As in 1102, Croatia came under the domination of Hungarian authority and this brought an end to ten complete years of dynastic struggle.

In 1400s the Ottoman Turks were teeming with the aim of expansion of their empire. They had conquered the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Hungarian rule in Croatia too was badly shaken by the Ottomans. Besides this there were countless other changes taking place in the world at that time for instance Dalmatia turned Venetian.

In 1526 Croatia witnessed the Battle of Mohacs. This battle led to Hapsburgs being invited to assume control over Croatia by the Croatian Parliament.

The Habsburgs posed great challenge to the Ottomans and were able to free much of Croatia from Turkish control.

However it is believed that the crescent shape of the country is a token of the Ottoman rule over it. Between 1797 and 1815 Istria, Dalmatia and Dubrovnik, all came under the Hapsburg Monarchy.

After the First World War, Croatia became one with State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. Soon it even joined Serbia to form Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes that came to be known as Yugoslavia later.

The Second World War brought a defeat to Yugoslavia. As a result Croatia was turned into a fascist state and was named as Independent State of Croatia.


By this time Croatians wanted to be free of Yugoslavia. So along with Slovenians the Croatians too announced their urge for independence from Yugoslavia. But this led to the Croatian War of independence.

After an year of struggle Croatia was freed of Yugoslavia in 1992. Croatia and several other states were declared as independent by Yugoslavia.

Soon after this Croatia was confronted with an uprising by the majority of Serbs in the country. The Serbs with the support of the Yugoslav army demanded their own state, Republic of Serbian Krajina. But in 1995 the Croatian army used force to conquer the rebel areas and his led to the exodus of the Serbian population.

However Croatia and many other countries such as Bosnia and Herzegovina acquired peace with the Dayton Agreement.

At present Croatia is expected to become a member of European Union

Croatia Counties
Name Old name HASC ISO FIPS Post Population Area(km.²) Area(mi.²) Capital
Bjelovarska-Bilogorska Bjelovar-Bilagora HR.BB 07 HR01 43 133,084 2,640 1,019 Bjelovar
Brodsko-Posavska Slavonski Brod-Posavina HR.SP 12 HR02 35 176,765 2,030 784 Slavonski Brod
Dubrovačko-Neretvanska Dubrovnik-Neretva HR.DN 19 HR03 20 122,870 1,781 688 Dubrovnik
Grad Zagreb Grad Zagreb HR.GZ 21 HR21 10 779,145 641 247 Zagreb
Istarska Istra HR.IS 18 HR04 52 206,344 2,813 1,086 Pazin
Karlovačka Karlovac HR.KA 04 HR05 47 141,787 3,626 1,400 Karlovac
Koprivničko-Kri?evačka Koprivnica-Kri?evci HR.KK 06 HR06 48 124,467 1,748 675 Koprivnica
Krapinsko-Zagorska Krapina-Zagorje HR.KZ 02 HR07 49 142,432 1,229 475 Krapina
Ličko-Senjska Lika-Senj HR.LS 09 HR08 53 53,677 5,353 2,067 Gospić
Međimurska Međimurje HR.ME 20 HR09 40 118,426 729 281 Čakovec
Osječko-Baranjska Osijek-Baranja HR.OB 14 HR10 31 330,506 4,155 1,604 Osijek
Po?e?ko-Slavonska Po?ega-Slavonija HR.PS 11 HR11 34 85,831 1,823 704 Po?ega
Primorsko-Goranska Primorje-Gorski Kotar HR.PG 08 HR12 51 305,505 3,588 1,385 Rijeka
?ibensko-Kninska ?ibenik HR.SB 15 HR13 22 112,891 2,984 1,152 ?ibenik
Sisačko-Moslavačka Sisak-Moslavina HR.SM 03 HR14 44 185,387 4,468 1,725 Sisak
Splitsko-Dalmatinska Split-Dalmacia HR.SD 17 HR15 21 463,676 4,540 1,753 Split
Vara?dinska Vara?din HR.VA 05 HR16 42 184,769 1,262 487 Vara?din
Virovitičko-Podravska Virovitica-Podravina HR.VP 10 HR17 33 93,389 2,024 781 Virovitica
Vukovarsko-Srijemska Vukovar-Srijem HR.VS 16 HR18 32 204,768 2,454 947 Vukovar
Zadarska Zadar-Knin HR.ZD 13 HR19 23 162,045 3,646 1,408 Zadar
Zagrebačka Zagreb HR.ZG 01 HR20 10 309,696 3,060 1,181 Zagreb
21 divisions 4,437,460 56,594 21,851  
  • Name: County name as given in ISO 3166-2, December 1998, and in Change Notice 4 to FIPS PUB 10-4, February 25, 2000. These names are in adjective form (modifying 'upanija).
  • Old name: County name as given in ISO DIS 3166-2, late 1996. (In some cases the county was subsequently modified, as explained below.) These are the noun forms.
  • HASC: Hierarchical administrative subdivision codes.
  • ISO: County codes from ISO 3166-2. For full identification in a global context, prefix "HR-" to the code (ex: HR-18 represents Istra). The code shown for Grad Zagreb comes from the draft standard of 1996.
  • FIPS: Codes from FIPS PUB 10-4, a U.S. government standard.
  • Post: Croatia uses five-digit postal codes. The first two digits represent the county. Note: postal codes for Croatian addresses can be identified by prefixing them with "HR-".
  • Population: 2001-03-31 census.
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