Description: The Physical Map of Ecuador showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, ocean, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features.
is officially called the Republic of Ecuador. The name
literally means the "Republic of the Equator"). This
country is a democratic republic in northwestern region
of South America, bordered by Colombia on the north,
Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the
west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the
Pacific, situated about 1,000 kilometres west of the
Ecuador covers a total area of 284,000 square kilometers. Chimborazo volcano which forms the farthest point from the centre of the Earth is also present in this country.
The country has four major geographic regions:
•La Costa: This coastal region is the most fertile as well as productive land
•La Sierra: These highlands consist of the Andean as well as the Interandean highlands. This region contains most of the volcanoes and the entire snow-capped peaks.
•La Amazonía: Thisoriente consists of the Amazon jungle
•La Región Insular: It is the region comprising of the Galápagos Islands, some 1,000 kilometres to the west of the mainland and are present in the Pacific Ocean.
Cotopaxi, which lies just to the south of Quito consists of one of the highest active volcanoes on earth. The topmost of them all is the Mount Chimborazo which stands at 6,268 meters above sea level.
Political Map of Ecuador
Political map and map image of Ecuador.
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