Description: The Physical Map of Middle East showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, seas, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features.
The Middle East has a varied physical geography of huge deserts. The Sahara Desert runs through the North Africa. It limits the settlement along the Mediterranean coastline and in Egypt along the river Nile. The desert in the Arabian Peninsula is inhospitable so much so that it has been proclaimed as "The Empty Quarter".
There are areas which are better served by rainfall and have rivers: the river system of the Tigris-Euphrates, Jordan River and the Mediterranean coast.
These regions are rich in vegetation with abundance in agriculture. The Bosporus and the Dardanelles have made water access possible between the Mediterranean and Black Seas. The major, critical water routes include the Suez Canal. It links the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea.
The Bab el Mandeb is a strait whichseparates the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. The Strait of Hormuz links the Persian Gulf with the Indian Ocean.
The Middle East generally faces a hot and arid climate with scanty ground water levels. Thus, several major rivers provide for vegetation. The major rivers include the river Nile in Egypt, the Tigris and Euphrates in Mesopotamia. This region consists of most of what is called the Fertile Crescent.
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